Weed-Identification Calaris Xtra English – Weed Management
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Identify weeds in your crop!

  • Acrachne Racemosa

    Acrachne Racemosa

    Description: Acrachne racemosa is a genus of Asian, African and Australian plants in the grass family. This species in the genus are commonly known as goose grass. Local Name : Sonemavu (Kannada), Chare wali ghas(Hindi), Nadin (Punjabi)
  • Brachiaria Eruciformis

    Brachiaria Eruciformis

    Descrption: Brachiaria eruciformis is a noxious weed a ecting cropping agricultural productivity in the tropic and sub tropic zones of Africa, America, Asia, Australia and some parts of Europe. It is an annual grass which can be easily identified due to its red-purple leaf margins and leaf sheaths. Local Name: Hanchi harak hullu (Kannada), Domakalu gaddi (Telugu), Pala pul (Tamil), Shimpi (Marathi), Kaliyu (Gujarati), Nadin (Punjabi), Para ghas (Bengali), Kreb ghas / Para ghas (Hindi
  • Brachiaria Reptans

    Brachiaria Reptans

    Description: Brachiaria reptans is a small annual herb native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia, Southern Europe, America, India and various islands. It is perennial or annual grass, usually much-branched, decumbent to creeping at the top and rooting at the nodes. This weed is originated in Africa and has reached tropics of middle East, Indian and South East Asian subcontinents, China, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and Pacific Islands. Local Name : Pore hullu (Kannada), Nandukaal pul (Tamil), (Punjabi) Waghnakhi Marathi), Kaliyu(Gujarati), Kreb ghas / Para ghas (Hindi), Para ghas (Bengali), Eduruakula gaddi (Telugu)
  • Brachiaria Ramosa

    Brachiaria Ramosa

    Description: Brachiaria ramosa is cultivated in pure stands. They are found growing with upland rice and some millets in diverse agro-ecological niches. It is decumbent, nodes glabrous or softly villous. Local Name: Benne akki hullu (Kannada), Anda koraa (Telugu), Nadin (Punjabi ) Nandukaal pul (Tamil ) , Waghnakhi (Marathi), Kaliyu (Gujarati), Kreb ghas/ Para ghas (Hindi), Chechur (Bengali)
  • Dactyloctenium Aegyptium

    Dactyloctenium Aegyptium

    Description: Dactyloctenium aegyptium is a member of the family Poaceae native in Africa but naturalized world-wide. The plant mostly grows in heavy soils at damp sites. It is a slender to moderately robust, spreading annual herb, with wiry stems that bend and root at the lower nodes. Local Name: Konana tale hullu (Kannada), Nakshathra gaddi /Ganuka gaddi (Telugu), Kakakal pul (Tamil), Harkeen (Marathi), Makda (Punjabi), Makda / Sawai (Hindi), Chokadiyu (Gujarati), Makor jail (Bengali)
  • Digitaria Sanguinalis

    Digitaria Sanguinalis

    Description: Digitaria sanguinalis is one of the better-known species of the genus Digitaria and that is known nearly worldwide as a common weed. It is used as animal fodder and the seeds are edible and have been used as a grain in Germany and especially Poland, where it is sometimes cultivated. This has earned it the name Polish millet. Local Name: Hombale hullu (Kannada), Arisi pul (Tamil), Tokari (Bengali), Waghnakhi (Marathi), Bursh ghass / Chinyari (Hindi), Nadin (Punjabi), Aarotaro (Gujarati), Chippara gaddi (Telugu)
  • Dinebra Arabica

    Dinebra Arabica

    Description: Dinebra arabica is a loosely-tufted annual grass with culms to one meter high on wet and humid or dry locations in Senegal and Nigeria and extending across tropical Africa and eastwards through Egypt and Iraq to India. The grass is a common weed of cultivated land in all territories. Local Name: Nari baalada hullu (Kannada), Konka nakka / Gunta nakka gaddi (Telugu), Inji pul (Tamil), Lonya (Marathi), Kharayu (Hindi), Nadin (Punjabi), Kharayu (Gujarati), Jal gethe (Bengali)
  • Echinochloa Colona

    Echinochloa Colona

    Description: Echinochloa colona is an annual grass. It is recognized as the world's most dangerous grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more than 60 countries . In the West Indies, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba. It is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. Local Name: Kaadu haraka (Kannada), Othagaddi / Donga vari(Telugu), Samo (Gujarati), Kuduraivali (Tamil), Pakhad (Marathi), Samak / Sawan (Hindi), Swanki (Punjabi), Pahari shama / Gete shama (Bengali)
  • Echinochloa Crus Galli

    Echinochloa Crus Galli

    Description: Echinochloa crus-galli originating from tropical Asia that was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass. It is among the most noxious weeds in the world due to its superior biology and tremendous ecological adaptations. It is widespread in different countries, infesting numerous cropping systems. Local Name: Simpagana hullu (Kannada), Pedda windu (Telugu), Gavat (Marathi), Nelmeratti (Tamil), Samak (Hindi), Samo (Gujarati), Swank (Punjabi), Sawa / Swank (Hindi), Deshi shama (Bengali)
  • Eleusine Indica

    Eleusine Indica

    Description: Eleusine indica the Indian goose grass, yard-grass, goose grass, wiregrass or crowfoot grass is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. It is an invasive species in some areas. Local Name: Hakki kaalina hullu (Kannada), Thippa ragi (Telugu, Tamil), Rannachani (Marathi), Chokhaliu (Gujarati), Kodo (Hindi), Binna chala / Chapra ghas (Bengali)
  • Eragrostis Tenella

    Eragrostis Tenella

    Description: Eragrostis tenella is a small densely tufted annual grass with variable size usually not much more than 50 cm high. A delicate tufted annual grass occurs at a ruderal of waste places, roadsides and on cultivated land common throughout the region from Senegal to west Cameroons and throughout tropical Africa and tropical Asia. Local Name: Chinna garika gaddi (Telugu), Chiman chara (Marathi), Kabuthar dana, Chidiya dana (Hindi), Bhumshi (Gujarati), Sada fulka (Bengali), Kabuthar dana (Punjabi)
  • Leptochloa Chinensis

    Leptochloa Chinensis

    Description: Leptochloa chinensis is a common rice weed. It is not endemic in Australia but is found in New South Wales, Queensland & India. The presence of this exotic weed is probably due to accidental introduction by seeds from non-European countries probably from several subtropical areas such as Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, India, China, Australia and South Africa. It is a strongly tufted annual grass of aquatic and semiaquatic environments and is known to be invasive. Local Name: Puchikapullala gaddi (Telugu), Phool jadhu (Hindi, Punjabi), Chor kanta (Bengali), Seelaipul (Tamil)
  • Rottboellia Cochinchinensis

    Rottboellia Cochinchinensis

    Description: Rottboellia cochinchinensis is a non-native, warm-season, annual grass that was introduced at Miami, Florida in the 1920’s. It is a federal noxious weed. It is a profusely tillering grass that can be very competitive in row crops, pastures and along roadsides. This grass is present in more than 30 warm-climate countries of America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It thrives in moist permeable heavy-textured soils. Local Name: Mullu sajje (Kannada), Konda poonuku (Telugu), Sunaipul (Tamil), Baru (Hindi), Fog ghas (Bengali)
  • Setaria viridis

    Setaria viridis

    Description: Setaria viridis is native to Eurasia but present on most continents as an introduced species. It is a hardy grass which grows in many types of urban cultivated and disturbed habitat, including vacant lots, sidewalks, railroads, lawns and at the margins of fields. It is the wild antecedent of the crop foxtail millet. Local Name: Hanaji (Kannada), Chigirinta gaddi (Telugu), Thinai (Tamil), Chikta (Marathi), Khutta ghas (Punjabi), Kutara grass (Gujarati), Kante wali ghas / Chipkne wala khutta (Hindi), Kahon (Bengali)
  • Acalypha Indica

    Acalypha Indica

    Description: Acalypha indica is an herbaceous annual that has catkin-like inflorescences with cup- shaped involucres surrounding the minute flowers. It is mainly known for its root being attractive to domestic cats and for its various medicinal uses. It occurs throughout the tropics. Local Name: Kuppi gida (Kannada), Kupichettu / Muripindi aaku (Telugu), Kuppaimeni (Tamil), Kuppi (Marathi), Phulkia (Gujarati), Phulkia (Hindi), Mukta jhuri / Swat basanta (Bengali)
  • Achyranthes Aspera

    Achyranthes Aspera

    Description: Achyranthes aspera is a species of plant in the family Amaranthaceae. It is distributed throughout the tropical world. It can be found in many places growing as an introduced species and a common weed. It is an invasive species in some areas including many Pacific Island environments. Local Name: Uttarani (Kannada), Naai uruvi (Tamil), Aghada (Marathi), Latjira (Hindi), Andhedo (Gujarati), Apang (Bengali), Uttarani (Telugu), Chirchita (Punjabi)
  • Ampelamus Albidus

    Ampelamus Albidus

    Description: Ampelamus albidus is a vining perennial herb native to eastern and central U.S. states, Ontario & India. It is a larval food of monarch butterflies and milkweed tussock moth larvae. It can cause eye irritation if touched and can stop your heart if consumed. This can be especially problematic in livestock. Local Name: Sambara gadde (Kannada), Telakuch (Bengali)
  • Alternanthera Sessilis

    Alternanthera Sessilis

    Description: Alternanthera sessilis known by several common names, sessile joy-weed and dwarf copperleaf. It is used as a vegetable specially in Sri Lanka and some Asian countries. The plant occurs throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the old world. It has been introduced to the southern United States and its origin in Central and South America are uncertain. Local Name: Honna gonne soppu (Kannada), Ponnaganti aku (Telugu), Mul ponnangani (Tamil), Reshimkata (Marathi), Gudai sag (Hindi), Pani wali butti (Punjabi), Phuluyu (Gujarati), Maloncha saak (Bengali)
  • Alternanthera Philoxeroides

    Alternanthera Philoxeroides

    Description: Alternanthera philoxeroides is a native species to the temperate regions of South America, which includes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Its geographic range once used to cover only the Parana River region of South America but it has since expanded to cover over 30 countries, such as the United States, New Zealand, China, India and many more. Local Name: Mirja mullu (Kannada), Mul ponnangani (Tamil), Gudai sag (Hindi), Pani wali butti (Punjabi), Khakhi / Phuluy (Gujarati), Malancha saak (Bengali)
  • Amaranthus Viridis

    Amaranthus Viridis

    Description: Amaranthus viridis is an annual herb with an upright light green stem emerge from the base. The plant has terminal panicles with few branches and small green flowers. It is consumed as vegetables in few countries. It is reported to exhibit antiviral and anticancer properties and antinociceptive activity. Local Name: Kere soppu (Kannada), Chilakathotakura (Telugu), Jangli cholai (Hindi), Kuppai keerai (Tamil), Math / Tandulja (Marathi), Jangli cholai (Punjabi), Tandaljo (Gujarati), Kanta note (Bengali)
  • Amaranthus Spinosus

    Amaranthus Spinosus

    Description: Amaranthus spinosus commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth is a plant native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. Local Name: Rajagiri soppu (Kannada), Erramullugoranta (Telugu), Mul keerai (Tamil), Katemath (Marathi), Jangli cholai (Hindi), Jangli cholai (Punjabi), Tandaljo (Gujarati), Bonnote saak (Bengali)
  • Argemone Mexicana

    Argemone Mexicana

    Description: Argemone mexicana is an extremely hardy pioneer plant, it is tolerant of drought and poor soil, often being the only cover on new road cuttings or verges. It has bright yellow latex. It is poisonous to grazing animals, but it has been used medicinally by many people including those in its native area as well as the natives of the western US, parts of Mexico and many parts of India. Local Name: Datura gida (Kannada), Brahmadandi (Telugu), Kurukku (Tamil), Piwala dhotra (Marathi), Satyanasi (Punjabi), Jata fol (Bengali), Kateli / Satyanasi (Hindi), Darudi / Satyanashi (Gujarati)
  • Boerhavia Erecta

    Boerhavia Erecta

    Description: Boerhavia erecta is native to the United States, Mexico, Central America and western South America but now is cosmopolitan in tropical and subtropical regions. In Africa its distribution extends from West Africa, eastwards to Somalia and down to South Africa. In Asia, it occurs in India, Java, Malaysia and China. Local Name: Mukkurattai (Tamil), Pandhari punarnava (Marathi), Shweta (Hindi), Pahari punarnaba (Bengali)
  • Cassia Tora

    Cassia Tora

    Description: The Cassia tora is an herbaceous annual herb. The plant can grow 30–90 cm tall and consists of alternative pinnate leaves with leaflets mostly with three opposite pairs that are obovate in shape with a rounded tip. The leaves are long, the stems have distinct smelling foliage when young. Local Name: Nayi shenga (Kannada), Pedda kasinda (Telugu), Tagrai (Tamil), Tarota (Marathi), Jangali dal (Hindi), Dal wali bhuti (Punjabi), Kunvadiyo (Gujarati), Chakunda (Bengali)
  • Catharanthus Pusillus

    Catharanthus Pusillus

    Description: Catharanthus pusillus is tiny periwinkle, small erect annual herb, native to India. It has several quadrangular branches spreading from the base. Leaves are oppositely arranged, lance-shaped with rough margin. The leaf base narrows to a tiny stalk. The whole plant contains milky sap. Small white, periwinkle like flowers appear singly or in pairs, in the upper leaf axils. Local Name: Agni-sikha (Telugu), Sangkhaphuli / Milagaai poodu (Tamil), Sankaphi (Marathi), Sadaphuli (Hindi), Nayantara (Bengali)
  • Celosia Argentea

    Celosia Argentea

    Description: Celosia argentea is an erect glabrous annual with linear or lanceolate leaves. Flower generally white or pink in spike. As these plants are of tropical origin, they grow best in full sunlight and should be placed in a well-drained area. The flowerheads can last up to 8 weeks and further growth can be promoted by removing dead flowers. Local Name: Kukka (Kannada), Kodiguttuaku / Gunugu (Telugu), Safed murg (Hindi), Pannai keerai (Tamil), Kurudu / Kombda (Marathi), Lambadu (Gujarati), Morog jhuti (Bengali)
  • Cleome Gynandra

    Cleome Gynandra

    Description: Cleome gynandra is a species of Cleome that is used as a green vegetable. It is an annual wildflower native to Africa but has become widespread in many tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. It is an erect, branching plant. Its sparse leaves are each made up of 3–5 oval-shaped leaflets. The flowers are white. Local Name: Tiloni (Kannada), Vominta / Thella vamita / Velakura (Telugu), Naivelai (Tamil), Pandhari tilvan (Marathi), Hur hur (Hindi), Tilvani / Tilmani (Gujarati), Swet hudhude (Bengali)
  • Cleome Viscosa

    Cleome Viscosa

    Description: Cleome viscosa commonly found in the rainy season. The crushed leaves have been investigated as a treatment for stored seeds of cowpea to prevent weevil infestation. The leaves are used as external application to wounds and ulcers. The seed are anthelmintic and carminative. The flowers are yellow in colour. Local Name: Nayi baala (Kannada), Kukkavominta / Kukha - avalu (Telugu), Naikadugu (Tamil), Piwala tilwan (Marathi), Hur hur (Hindi), Tilvani / Tilmani (Gujarati), Bon sorse (Bengali)
  • Commelina Benghalensis

    Commelina Benghalensis

    Description: Commelina benghalensis is a perennial herb native to tropical Asia and Africa. It has been widely introduced to areas outside its native range including to the neotropics, Hawaii, the West Indies and to both coasts of North America. It has a long flowering period from spring to fall in subtropical areas and throughout the year closer to the equator. It is often associated with disturbed soils. Local Name: Jigali / Hittagani (Kannada), Vennadevikura / Yannadri (Telugu), Kanua (Punjabi), Kanangkozai (Tamil), Kena (Marathi), Bokanda (Gujarati), Bokhana / Kankaua (Hindi), Kello ghash (Bengali)
  • Commelina communis

    Commelina communis

    Description: Commelina communis is an herbaceous annual plant in the dayflower family. It gets its name because the blooms last for only one day. It is native throughout much of East Asia and northern parts of Southeast Asia. In China, the plant is known as yazhicao. Local Name: Jigali / Hittagani (Kannada), Kena (Marathi), Kanua (Punjabi), Bokhani / Kankaua (Hindi), Bokandi (Gujarati), Kansira (Bengali)
  • Commelina diffusa

    Commelina diffusa

    Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. Local Name: Hittagani (Kannada), Kena (Marathi), Bokanda (Gujarati), Bokhani / Kankaua (Hindi), Kanua (Punjabi), Dholsira / Manaina / Kanainala (Bengali)
  • Corchorus olitorius

    Corchorus olitorius

    Description: Corchorus olitorius is unclear whether originated in Africa or in Asia. Some authorities consider that it comes from the Indo-Burmese area or from India along with several other related species. Wherever it originated, it has been under cultivation for a very long time in both continents and probably grows wild or as a crop in every country in tropical Africa. Local Name: Kaad chunchali (Kannada), Perum punnaku (Tamil, Telugu), Mothi chunch (Marathi), Jangali jute (Hindi), Chunch / Rajgari (Gujarati), Bhungi pat (Bengali), Jangli sun (Punjabi)
  • Corchorus Aestuans

    Corchorus Aestuans

    Description: Corchorus aestuans a common annual in waste lands from sea level to 2000 m in plains and hills throughout India. It is a small herb with erect, sparingly branched stems. Ovate, acute, green leaves have serrated margins. Yellow flowers 1-3 in clusters, very shortly stalked, very small, leaf-opposed. Local Name: Dundu batti (Kannada), Janumu (Telugu), Kattuttuti (Tamil), Chikta (Marathi), Jangali jute (Hindi), Jangli sun (Punjabi), Chunch / Rajgari (Gujarati), Bhungi pat / Kal chira (Bengali)
  • Corchorus acutangulus

    Corchorus acutangulus

    Description: Corchorus acutangulus is annual herb, stems pilose more so on one side. Leaves ovate to broadly ovate, margins serrate, at least some with a pair of basal setae, rounded at base, acute or subacute, with scattered pubescence mainly on veins and midrib. Local Name: Chunchali soppu (Kannada), Peratti (Tamil , Telugu), Kadu chunch (Marathi), Jangali jute (Hindi), Chunch / Rajgari (Gujarati), Nalta pat (Bengali), Jangli sun / Jangli jute (Punjabi)
  • Cyanotis axillaris

    Cyanotis axillaris

    Description: Cyanotis axillaris is a species of perennial plants in the family Commelinaceae. It is native to Indian subcontinent, southern China, Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. It grows in monsoon forest, woodland and wooded grassland. It uses as medical plant in India and it uses as food for pigs. Local Name: Igali (Kannada), Neerpul (Tamil), Vinchka (Marathi), Diwaliya (Hindi), Nariyeli bhaji (Gujarati), Jhoradan / Uridan (Bengali)
  • Cannabis Sativa

    Cannabis Sativa

    Description: Cannabis sativa is an annual herbaceous flowering plant indigenous to eastern Asia but now of cosmopolitan distribution due to widespread cultivation. It has been cultivated throughout recorded history used as a source of industrial fiber, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods and medicine. Each part of the plant is harvested differently depending on the purpose of its use. Local Name: Ganja / Bhang (Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali), Bhangi / Ganja (Kannada), Bhang (Marathi, Gujarati), Alatam / Anantha muli (Tamil), Bhangiaaku / Ghanja chettu (Telugu)
  • Coronopus Didymus

    Coronopus Didymus

    Description: Coronopus didymus are generally low spreading annual herbaceous plants with many long stems, deeply lobed leaves and small white flowers. They have a strong scent, smelling like garden cress, when crushed. It may be native to the Mediterranean but widespread weed introduced species in other areas as well. Local Name: Bhania buti (Punjabi) Jangli hala / Pitpapra (Hindi), Gabbu kothambari (Kannada), Gajor patta / Bakos (Bengali), Vishamungli (Telugu)
  • Chenopodium Album

    Chenopodium Album

    Description: Chenopodium album is a fast growing weedy annual is extensively cultivated and consumed in Northern India as a food crop known as bathua. Its native range is obscure due to extensive cultivation but includes most of Europe from where Linnaeus described the species in 1753. It is widely naturalised elsewhere e.g. Africa, Australasia, North America, Oceania and now occurs almost everywhere (even apparently in Antarctica) in soils rich in nitrogen especially on waste land. Local Name: Bhathuwa / Bathoo (Hindi), Bathavo (Gujarati), Chakravar t i soppu (Kannada), Chakvat (Marathi ) , Chakravar thi keerai (Tamil ) , Vasthukam / Pappukura (Telugu), Betho shaak / Lal bhutka (Bengali), Bathu (Punjabi)
  • Datura Metel

    Datura Metel

    Description: Datura metel is a shrub like annual or perennial herb grows in the wild in all the warmer parts of the world such as India and is cultivated worldwide for its chemical and ornamental properties. Local Name: Datura gida (Kannada), Dhotra (Marathi), Dhatura (Hindi), Umattan (Tamil), Erri-ummita / Tella - ummetha (Telugu) Datura (Gujarati), Dhutora (Bengali), Dhatura (Punjabi)
  • Digera Arvensis

    Digera Arvensis

    Description: Digera arvensis is simple or with ascending branches from near the base, stem and branches glabrous or very sparingly pilose, with pale ridges. Leaf-blade narrowly linear to broadly ovate or rarely sub rotund. Flowers glabrous, white tinged with pink to carmine or red, usually becoming greenish-white in fruit. Local Name: Gorachi palya (Kannada), Chenchalkoora (Telugu), Thoyyakeerai (Tamil), Kunjaru (Marathi), Lahasua / Kunjaru (Hindi), Kanjaro (Gujarati), Lata mahawria / Lata mahuri (Bengali), Lahasua (Punjabi)
  • Euphorbia Geniculata

    Euphorbia Geniculata

    Description: Euphorbia geniculata is native to tropical and subtropical America but is now widespread throughout the tropics. Many herbicides fail to control it and hence it has spread rapidly in many parts of the world. This plant has been introduced to South and Southeast Asia as an ornamental plant having become a weed in India and Thailand where it has invaded cotton fields and other agricultural terrain. Local Name: Haal gouri soppu (Kannada), Naanabaala (Telugu), Baro korni (Bengali), Caturak kalli (Tamil), Mothi dudhi (Marathi), Dudheli (Punjabi), Badi dudheli (Hindi), Moti dudheli (Gujarati)
  • Euphorbia Hypericifolia

    Euphorbia Hypericifolia

    Description: Euphorbia hypericifolia originates from tropical and subtropical America and has spread to tropical Africa and India. Its distribution in tropical Africa is not clear as it is confused with Euphorbia indica Lam. It occurs with certainty in West Africa, Burundi and on Mauritius. Local Name: Haal goudi soppu (Kannada), Dudhi (Marathi), Dudheli (Gujarati) Chinnamman pacharasi (Tamil), Choti dudheli (Hindi), Dudheli (Punjabi), Manasasi (Bengali)
  • Gnaphalium Purpureum

    Gnaphalium Purpureum

    Description: Gnaphalium purpureum is widespread and common in temperate regions although some are found on tropical mountains or in the subtropical regions of the world. Cudweeds are important foodplants for American painted lady caterpillars. The extracts of this genus as well as compounds isolated from it, have been demonstrated to possess multiple pharmacological activities. Local Name: not available
  • Ipomoea Aquatic

    Ipomoea Aquatic

    Description: Ipomoea aquatica is a semi-aquatic tropical plant grown as a vegetable for its tender shoots and it is not known from where it originated. It is most commonly grown in East, South and Southeast Asia. It flourishes naturally in waterways and requires little, if any care. It is used extensively in Indonesian, Burmese, Thai, Lao, Cambodian, Malay, Vietnamese, Filipino and Chinese cuisine especially in rural or kampung (village) areas. Local Name: Thantikada / Thooti koora (Telugu), Bel (Punjabi), Kalami (Hindi), Nalichi bhaji / Khand koli (Marathi), Naro / Kaladana (Gujarati), Kolmi saak (Bengali)

  • Ipomoea nil

    Ipomoea nil

    Description: Ipomoea nil was first introduced into Japan from China as a medicinal herb more than 1000 years ago. Since its introduction, a large number of garden varieties have been raised and maintained for ornamental purposes. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in many places and the descendants of garden escapees now grow wild. This is a climbing annual herb with three-pointed leaves. The flowers are several centimeters wide and appear in various shades of blue, pink or rose, often with white stripes. Local Name : Sangupoo (Tamil), Nilkalami (Marathi), Nilkalami (Hindi), Kala dana bel ( Punjabi), Kollivittulu (Telugu), Naro / kaladana (Gujarati), Nilkolmo saak(Bengali)
  • Ipomoea pes tigridis

    Ipomoea pes tigridis

    Description: Ipomoea pes-tigridis is a hairy, vine and annual plant. It is a spreading or twinning herb. It is herbaceous annual, almost throughout India ascending up to 4000 ft, plains from the coast, to 750-900m, often in arable lands. The heart-shape leaves are long with 9-19 lobes on edge of the leaf. The trumpet-shaped flower has five points. It can be red, pink or white color and it opens after 4 pm and its flowering period is between September and November. Local Name : Chikunuvvu / Mekamadugu (Telugu), Waghpadi (Marathi), Bel (Hindi,Punjabi), Naro / Kaladana (Gujarati), Anguli lota (Bengali)
  • Ipomoea triloba

    Ipomoea triloba

    Description: Ipomoea triloba is native to the tropical Americas, but it is widespread in warm areas of the world, where it is an introduced species and often a noxious weed. This is a fastgrowing, vining, annual herb producing long, thin stems with ivy-like, petiole, heartshaped leaves. The leaves sometimes but not always have three lobes. Local Name : Iwali bhovri (Marathi), Bel (Hindi, Punjabi), Naro / Kaladana (Gujarati), Ghonti kolmi (Bengali)
  • Leucas aspera

    Leucas aspera

    Description: Leucas aspera is a plant species within the genus Leucas and the family Lamiaceae. Although the species has many different common names depending on the region in which it is located, It is most commonly known as Thumbe or Thumbai. Found throughout India, it is known for its various uses in the fields of medicine and agriculture. Local Name : Tumbi soppu (Kannada), Thummi (Telugu), Thumbai (Tamil), Tamba (Marathi), Kubi (Gujarati), Swata drone / Dhulfi / Dan kalas (Bengali)
  • Leucas martinicensis

    Leucas martinicensis

    Description: Leucas martinicensis is an erect annual herb. Usually unbranched stems are finely hairy. Leaves are oppositely arranged, ovate to ovate- lance shaped, margins coarsely toothed. Tiny white flowers are borne in interrupted roundish clusters, along the stem. Long thistle-like sepals give the flower-clusters a hairy appearance Local Name :Tumbi soppu (Kannada), Perumthumbai (Tamil), Kubi (Gujarati), Swet drone (Bengali)
  • Mitracarpus villosus

    Mitracarpus villosus

    Description: Mitracarpus villosus is erect or spreading annual herb, tall with unbranched or sparsely to much-branched stems, branchlets pubescent with short curled and pressed hairs and often with spreading ones as well, the older with epidermis eventually peeling; sometimes quite woody at the base Local Name : not available
  • Oxalis corniculata

    Oxalis corniculata

    Description: Oxalis corniculata the creeping woodsorrel is a somewhat delicate-appearing, lowgrowing, herbaceous plant. This species probably comes from south-eastern Asia. It was first described by Linnaeus in 1753 using specimens from Italy and it seems to have been introduced to Italy from the east before 1500. It is now cosmopolitan in its distribution and is regarded as a weed in gardens, agricultural fields and lawns. Local Name : Amrul / Khatti mitti ghas / Chuka (Hindi), Khatti buti (Punjabi), Uppina soppu (Kannada), Paliakiri (Tamil), Amrulshak (Bengali), Amrul (Gujarati), Nunia ghash (Bengali), Ambuti (Marathi), Pulichinta / Ambotikura (Telugu)
  • Parthenium hysterophorus

    Parthenium hysterophorus

    Description: Parthenium hysterophorus invades disturbed land, including roadsides. It infests pastures and farmland, causing often disastrous loss of yield, as reflected in common names such as famine weed. As an invader it first appeared as a contaminant in imported wheat. The plant produces allelopathic chemicals that suppress crop and pasture plants and allergens that affect humans and livestock. Local Name : Kangress (Kannada), Vayyaribhama (Telugu), Vishapoondu (Tamil), Gajar gawat (Marathi), Gajor ghas (Bengali), Gajar ghas (Hindi), Kangress ghas (Punjabi), Congress ghas (Gujarati)
  • Phyllanthus niruri

    Phyllanthus niruri

    Description: Phyllanthus niruri is a widespread tropical plant commonly found in coastal areas, known by the common names gale of the wind, stonebreaker or seed-under-leaf. It is a relative of the spurges, belonging to the genus Phyllanthus of the family Phyllanthaceae. Local Name :Nelli gida (Kannada), Nelausiri (Telugu), Keelanelli (Tamil), Bhuiava (Marathi), Hajardana (Hindi, Punjabi), Bhoy amali (Gujarati), Vui amla (Bengali)
  • Physalis minima

    Physalis minima

    Description: Physalis minima is a pantropical annual herb. Leaves are soft and smooth (not furry), with entire or jagged margins. Cream to yellowish flowers are followed by edible yellowish fruit encapsulated in papery cover which turns straw brown and drops to the ground when the fruit is fully ripe. The plant tends to have a weedy character, often found growing in disturbed sites. Local Name : Sanna guppate gida (Kannada), Budda bhusada (Telugu), Kupanti (Tamil), Ran popti (Marathi), Chirpota (Hindi), Popti (Gujarati), Bhamboden (Punjabi), Thaska / Dhuli moura (Bengali)
  • Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

    Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

    Description: Phyllanthus maderaspatensis is an erect to spreading, unbranched to much-branched, annual to perennial plant with stems that can become more or less woody and persist for more than a year. The plants are harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. They are traded locally in market-place and are also sold for the commercial production of pharmaceutical products. Local Name: Aadu nelli hullu (Kannada), Nelausiri (Telugu), Melanelli (Tamil), Bhuiavali (Marathi), Bhoy amali (Gujarati), Hazar Moni (Bengali), Bada hazardana /Hazarmani (Hindi), Dane wali butti (Punjabi)
  • Portulaca oleracea

    Portulaca oleracea

    Description: Portulaca oleracea is purslane has smooth, reddish, mostly prostrate stems and the leaves, which may be alternate or opposite, are clustered at stem joints and ends. The flowers open singly at the center of the leaf cluster for only a few hours on sunny mornings. It was first identified in the United States in 1672 in Massachusetts. Local Name: Sanna goli soppu (Kannada), Pappu kura / Pichhi mirapa (Telugu), Paruppu keerai (Tamil), Ghol (Marathi), Choti sant (Hindi), Santhi(Punjabi), Luni (Gujarati), Nunia saak (Bengali)
  • Solanum nigrum

    Solanum nigrum

    Description: Solanum nigrum the simply black nightshade or blackberry nightshade, is a species in the genus Solanum native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia and South Africa. Ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. It is found in many wooded areas as well as disturbed habitats. Local Name: Makoe / Pilak / Papotan (Hindi), Makoe (Punjabi), Picchi mirapa /Kanchi ponda / Kasaka (Telugu), Kangani / Laghukavali (Marathi),Manatakkali (Tamil), Karikaachi gida (Kannada) , Makoh / Piludi (Gujarati), Bon begun / Kakmachi (Bengali)
  • Trianthema monogyna

    Trianthema monogyna

    Description: Members of the genus are annuals or perennials generally characterized by fleshy, opposite, unequal, smooth-margined leaves, a prostrate growth form flowers with five perianth segments subtended by a pair of bracts and a fruit with a winged lid. They are known commonly as horse purslanes. Local Name: Doddagol palya (Kannada), Shavalai / Saranai (Tamil), Khapra / Vishkhapra (Marathi), Satodo (Gujarati), Gadabani (Bengali),Biskhapda / Pattherchata (Hindi, Punjabi)
  • Trianthema portulacastrum

    Trianthema portulacastrum

    Description: Trianthema portulacastrum is a species of flowering plant in the ice plant family known by the common names desert horse purslane, black pigweed and giant pigweed. It is native to areas of several continents, including Africa and North and South America and present as an introduced species in many other areas. Local Name: Dodda goli soppu (Kannada), Saranai (Tamil), Satodo (Gujarati), Neerubailaku / Ambatimaadu (Telugu), Pandhari ghetuli (Marathi), Punarnaba saak / Shwet punarnava (Bengali), Biskhapda /Pattherchata (Hindi, Punjabi)
  • Tridax procumbens

    Tridax procumbens

    Description: Tridax procumbens is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family. It is best known as a widespread weed and pest plant. It is native to the tropical America, but it has been introduced to tropical, subtropical and mild temperate regions worldwide. It is listed as a noxious weed in the United States and has pest status in nine states. Local Name: Bishalya karani / Tridhara (Bengali), Kanfuli / Barahmasi (Hindi),Vettukaya poondu (Tamil), Ekdandi (Marathi, Gujarati), Vatvati(Kannada)
  • Xanthium strumarium

    Xanthium strumarium

    Description: Xanthium strumarium a medicinal plant commonly found as a weed, is widely distributed in North America, Brazil, China, Malaysia and hotter parts of India. The herb is traditionally used mostly in treating several ailments. Extracts of the whole plant, especially leaves, roots, fruits and seeds have been applied in traditional medicine. Local Name: Murulu matti (Kannada), Marulamathangi / Gaddichamanthi(Telugu), Gadar (Gujarati), Marul umattai / Ottarachedi (Tamil),Gokharu (Marathi), Chota gokhuru / Chota dhatura (Hindi), Khutta(Punjabi), Siyal kata (Bengali)
  • Cyperus rotundus

    Cyperus rotundus

    Description: Cyperus rotundus is a perennial plant that may reach a height of up to 140 cm. The names "nut grass" and "nut sedge" shared with the related species Cyperus esculentus are derived from its tubers that somewhat resemble nuts although botanically they have nothing to do with nuts Local Name: Jeku (Kannada) , Bhadra- tunga-muste / Bhadramuste / Gandala (Telugu), Korai kizhangu (Tamil), Motha / Dilla (Hindi), Nagarmotha / Lavhala (Marathi), Ganth wala murk (Punjabi), Chidho (Gujarati), Vhadla ghas / Chata bethi mutha (Bengali)
  • Cyperus compressus

    Cyperus compressus

    Description: Cyperus compressus commonly known as annual sedge is a sedge of the family Cyperaceae that has a wide distribution throughout countries with warmer climates. It is found in tropical areas of Africa, Asia and the Americas. Local Name: Jeku (Kannada), Kottukkorai (Tamil), Chindho (Gujarati), Nagar motha / Lavhala (Marathi), Nagarmotha (Hindi), Jol Mutha (Bengali)
  • Fimbristylis miliacea

    Fimbristylis miliacea

    Description: Fimbristylis miliacea is a species of sedges. A plant in this genus may be known commonly as a fimbry, fimbristyle, or fringe-rush. It had probably originated in coastal tropical Asia but has since spread to most continents as an introduced species It is a widespread weed in some areas and is sometimes problematic in rice paddies. Local Name : Manikorai (Tamil), Lavhala (Marathi), Hui / Dili (Hindi), Guria ghas (Bengali)