Weed-identification Rifit plus Rice english – Weed Management
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Identify weeds in your crop!

  • Brachiaria reptans

    Brachiaria reptans

    Description: Brachiaria reptans is a small annual herb native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia, Southern Europe, America, India and various islands. It is perennial or annual grass, usually much-branched, decumbent to creeping at the top and rooting at the nodes. This weed is originated in Africa and has reached tropics of middle East, Indian and South East Asian subcontinents, China, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and Pacific Islands. Local Name: Pore hullu (Kannada), Nandukaal pul (Tamil), Nadin (Punjabi), Waghnakhi (Marathi), Kaliyu (Gujarati), Kreb ghas / Para ghas (Hindi), Para ghas (Bengali), Eduruakula gaddi (Telugu)
  • Dactyloctenium aegyptium

    Dactyloctenium aegyptium

    Description: Dactyloctenium aegyptium is a member of the family Poaceae native in Africa but naturalized world-wide. The plant mostly grows in heavy soils at damp sites. It is a slender to moderately robust, spreading annual herb, with wiry stems that bend and root at the lower nodes. Local Name: Konana tale hullu (Kannada), Nakshathra gaddi / Ganuka gaddi (Telugu), Kakakal pul (Tamil), Harkeen (Marathi), Makda (Punjabi), Makda / Sawai (Hindi), Chokadiyu (Gujarati), Makor jail (Bengali)
  • Digitaria sanguinalis

    Digitaria sanguinalis

    Description: Digitaria sanguinalis is one of the better-known species of the genus Digitaria and that is known nearly worldwide as a common weed. It is used as animal fodder and the seeds are edible and have been used as a grain in Germany and especially Poland, where it is sometimes cultivated. This has earned it the name Polish millet. Local Name: Hombale hullu (Kannada), Arisi pul (Tamil), Tokari (Bengali) Waghnakhi (Marathi), Bursh ghass / Chinyari (Hindi), Nadin (Punjabi), Aarotaro (Gujarati), Chippara gaddi (Telugu)
  • Echinochloa colona

    Echinochloa colona

    Description: Echinochloa colona  is an annual grass. It is recognized as the world's most dangerous grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more than 60 countries . In the West Indies, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba. It is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. Local Name: Kaadu haraka (Kannada), Othagaddi / Donga vari (Telugu), Samo (Gujarati), Kuduraivali (Tamil), Pakhad (Marathi), Samak / Sawan (Hindi), Swanki (Punjabi), Pahari shama / Gete shama (Bengali)
  • Echinochloa crus galli

    Echinochloa crus galli

    Description: Echinochloa crus-galli originating from tropical Asia that was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass. It is among the most noxious weeds in the world due to its superior biology and tremendous ecological adaptations. It is widespread in different countries, infesting numerous cropping systems. Local Name: Simpagana hullu (Kannada), Pedda windu (Telugu), Gavat (Marathi), Nelmeratti (Tamil), Samak (Hindi), Samo (Gujarati), Swank (Punjabi), Sawa / Swank (Hindi), Deshi shama (Bengali),
  • Echinochloa glabrescens

    Echinochloa glabrescens

    Description: Echinochloa glabrescens is very competitive with rice when left uncontrolled. The competitive ability of weeds is intensified in direct-seeded rice production systems. A better understanding is needed of factors affecting weed seed germination, which can be used as a component of integrated weed management in direct-seeded rice. Local Name: Gandu atta (Kannada), Othagaddi (Telugu), Gawat (Marathi), Swank (Punjabi), Sawa / Swank (Hindi), Swank (Punjabi), Bura shama (Bengali), Samo (Gujarati), Kuduraivali (Tamil)
  • Eleusine indica

    Eleusine indica

    Description: Eleusine indica the Indian goose grass, yard-grass, goose grass, wiregrass or crowfoot grass is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. It is an invasive species in some areas. Local Name: Hakki kaalina hullu (Kannada), Thippa ragi (Telugu, Tamil), Rannachani (Marathi), Chokhaliu (Gujarati), Kodo (Hindi), Binna chala / Chapra ghas (Bengali)
  • Eragrostis tenella

    Eragrostis tenella

    Description: Eragrostis tenella is a small densely tufted annual grass with variable size usually not much more than 50 cm high. A delicate tufted annual grass occurs at a ruderal of waste places, roadsides and on cultivated land common throughout the region from Senegal to west Cameroons and throughout tropical Africa and tropical Asia. Local Name: Chinna garika gaddi (Telugu), Chiman chara (Marathi), Kabuthar dana, Chidiya dana (Hindi), Bhumshi (Gujarati), Sada fulka (Bengali) , Kabuthar dana (Punjabi)
  • Leptochloa chinensis

    Leptochloa chinensis

    Description: Leptochloa chinensis is a common rice weed. It is not endemic in Australia but is found in New South Wales, Queensland & India. The presence of this exotic weed is probably due to accidental introduction by seeds from non‐European countries probably from several subtropical areas such as Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, India, China, Australia and South Africa. It is a strongly tufted annual grass of aquatic and semiaquatic environments and is known to be invasive. Local Name: Puchikapullala gaddi (Telugu), Phool jadhu (Hindi, Punjabi), Chor kanta (Bengali), Seelaipul (Tamil),
  • Paspalum distichum

    Paspalum distichum

    Description: Paspalum distichum native range is obscure because it has long been present on most continents, and in most areas, it is certainly an introduced species. This is a perennial grass forming clumps and spreading via rhizomes and stolon's. It grows decumbent or erect to a maximum height near 60 cm. Local Name: Arikelu (Telugu), Karilankanni (Tamil), Bada dubda (Hindi), Badi dhub (Punjabi), Gitla ghash (Bengali)
  • Alternanthera philoxeroides

    Alternanthera philoxeroides

    Description: Alternanthera philoxeroides is a native species to the temperate regions of South America, which includes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Its geographic range once used to cover only the Parana River region of South America but it has since expanded to cover over 30 countries, such as the United States, New Zealand, China, India and many more. Local Name: Mirja mullu (Kannada), Mul ponnangani (Tamil), Gudai sag (Hindi), Pani wali butti (Punjabi), Khakhi / Phuluy (Gujarati), Malancha saak (Bengali)
  • Ammannia baccifera

    Ammannia baccifera

    Description: Ammannia baccifera is widespread in the tropical regions of Asia, America and Africa. It has been naturalized in Spain. It is annual and herbaceous, and can be found in marshes, swamps, rice fields and water courses at low elevations. Local Name: Agnivendrapaku (Telugu), Thandu poondu (Tamil), Agin buti (Marathi), Machaiyan ban (Hindi), Phool wali butti, (Punjabi), Ban marich (Bengali)
  • Bergia capensis

    Bergia capensis

    Description: Bergia capensis are tropical to subtropical plants and sometimes aquatic in nature. They are Annual or perennial herbs about 10-35 cm tall, stem ascending, erect, succulent, reddish, much branched, with ascending and creeping branches, constricted and rooting at nodes. Leaves simple, opposite-decussate, narrow elliptic-oblong to lanceolate. Local Name: Neeru paavila (Telugu), Kanangkolai (Tamil), Sada keshuriya (Bengali)
  • Caesulia axillaris

    Caesulia axillaris

    Description: Caesulia axillaris is a monotypic genus of flowering plants. Its common name is pink node flower. It is native to Bangladesh, Burma, India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. This plant grows in wet and aquatic habitat, such as marshes, wet meadows, and irrigation ditches. Local Name: Maka (Marathi), Erra gobbi, Thella jiluga (Telugu), Gathila (Hindi)
  • Celosia argentea

    Celosia argentea

    Description: Celosia argentea is an erect glabrous annual with linear or lanceolate leaves. Flower generally white or pink in spike. As these plants are of tropical origin, they grow best in full sunlight and should be placed in a well-drained area. The flowerheads can last up to 8 weeks and further growth can be promoted by removing dead flowers. Local Name: Kukka (Kannada), Kodiguttuaku / Gunugu (Telugu), Safed murg (Hindi), Pannai keerai (Tamil), Kurudu / Kombda (Marathi), Lambadu (Gujarati), Morog jhuti (Bengali)
  • Commelina diffusa

    Commelina diffusa

    Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. Local Name: Hittagani (Kannada), Kena (Marathi), Bokanda (Gujarati) Bokhani / Kankaua (Hindi), Kanua (Punjabi), Dholsira / Manaina / Kanainala (Bengali)
  • Cyanotis axillaris

    Cyanotis axillaris

    Description: Cyanotis axillaris is a species of perennial plants in the family Commelinaceae. It is native to Indian subcontinent, southern China, Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. It grows in monsoon forest, woodland and wooded grassland. It uses as medical plant in India and it uses as food for pigs. Local Name: Igali (Kannada), Neerpul (Tamil), Vinchka (Marathi), Diwaliya (Hindi), Nariyeli bhaji (Gujarati), Jhoradan / Uridan (Bengali)
  • Eclipta alba

    Eclipta alba

    Description: Eclipta alba can be found growing wild in fallow lands of Bangladesh where it is considered as a weed by farmers. Traditional medicinal systems of the Indian subcontinent countries as well as tribal practitioners consider the plant to have diverse medicinal values and use it commonly for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, respiratory tract disorders (including asthma), fever, hair loss and graying of hair, liver disorders (including jaundice), skin disorders, spleen enlargement, and cuts and wounds. Local Name: Garagada soppu (Kannada), Guntakalaagara (Telugu), Kalluruvi (Tamil), Maka (Marathi), Bhringraj (Hindi), Bharangraj (Punjabi), Kesuti (Bengali)
  • Ludwigia parviflora

    Ludwigia parviflora

    Description: Ludwigia parviflora is a genus of about 82 species of aquatic plants native to Central and South America with a cosmopolitan but mainly tropical distribution. At current, there is much debate among botanists and plant taxonomists as to the classification of many Ludwigia species. Botanists from the US Department of Agriculture are currently doing genetic analyses on plants from the Western US and South America to better classify members of this genus. Local Name: Lavangakaya mokka (Telugu), Neermel neruppu (Tamil), Pani wali ghans (Punjabi), Ban labanga (Bengali)
  • Ludwigia octovalvis

    Ludwigia octovalvis

    Description: Ludwigia octovalvis plant is known for its anti-ageing properties. The species is sometimes regarded as an invasive species and is classified by IUCN as of Least Concern with stable populations. An adult plant is one meter tall on average but is able to grow taller. It spreads to form mats on the mud, rooting at nodes in contact with the substrate, or floats ascending in the water. Its flowers are yellow in appearance. They are made up of green and red stems. Local Name: Nirubaccala (Telugu), Paolte pata / Pan labanga (Bengali), Aala keerai (Tamil)
  • Monochoria vaginalis

    Monochoria vaginalis

    Description: Monochoria vaginalis is a species of flowering plant known by several common names, including heart shape false pickerelweed and oval-leafed pondweed. It is native to much of Asia and across many of the Pacific Islands, and it is known in other areas as an introduced species. These are fresh-water and marsh herbs, erect or floating. Local Name: Panpatta (Hindi), Neelotpala (Kannada), Nirokancha (Telugu) Karu-n-kuvalai, Neerthomarl (Tamil),
  • Marsilea quadrifolia

    Marsilea quadrifolia

    Description: Marsilea quadrifolia is a herbaceous plant found naturally in central and southern Europe, Caucasia, western Siberia, Afghanistan, south-west India, China, Japan, and Vietnam, though it is considered a weed in some parts of the United States, where it has been well established in the northeast for over 100 years. Local Name: Araa koora / Ciklintakura / Mudugu thaamara (Telugu), China poondu (Tamil), Char Patti (Hindi), Susuni shak (Bengali) Choppatiya (Punjabi)
  • Sagittaria guayanensis

    Sagittaria guayanensis

    Description: Sagittaria guayanensis is an aquatic plant species. It is predominantly tropical, native to Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and much of South America, as well as West Africa (from Senegal to Cameroon), south and southeast Asia (from Afghanistan to Taiwan to Indonesia), plus Sudan and Madagascar. It was unknown in the United States until a few populations were reported from Louisiana in 1969. Local Name: Yerra adugu (Telugu), Pan patta (Hindi, Punjabi), Poo korai (Tamil) Chandmala ghash / Pan pata ghash (Bengali),
  • Sphenoclea zeylanica

    Sphenoclea zeylanica

    Description: Sphenoclea zeylanica is widespread in moist areas of warm temperate and tropical zones, including southern North America, but is native to the Old World tropics. Sphenoclea, the only genus in the plant family Sphenocleaceae. Local Name: Mirch booti (Hindi)
  • Cyperus difformis

    Cyperus difformis

    Description: Cyperus difformis is a plant of aquatic and moist habitats. It is a weed of rice fields, but not generally a troublesome one. This is an annual herb with one to many thin soft erect stems reaching over 30 centimeters in maximum height. The inflorescence is a rounded bundle one to three centimeters wide containing up to 120 spikelets each long and partially or entirely covered in up to 30 bracted flowers. Local Name: Jeku (Kannada), Gandala / Kaivartakamuste (Telugu),Manjal korai / Poo korai (Tamil), Motha / Lavhala (Marathi), Chatri wala motha (Hindi), Chatri wala murk (Punjabi),Jol behua (Bengali)
  • Cyperus iria

    Cyperus iria

    Description: Cyperus iria is a smooth, tufted sedge found worldwide. The roots are yellowish-red and fibrous. The plant often grows in rice paddies, where it is considered to be a weed. Rice Flat Sedge is an erect, not clustered, annual herb which doesn't form rhizomes. Local Name: Jeku (Kannada), Tunga-musthalu / Tungamuste (Telugu), Manjal korai / Kuccimulikam (Tamil), Motha / Lavhala (Marathi), Pani wala motha (Hindi), Murk (Punjabi), Boro chucha (Bengali)
  • Fimbristylis miliacea

    Fimbristylis miliacea

    Description: Fimbristylis miliacea is a species of sedges. A plant in this genus may be known commonly as a fimbry, fimbristyle, or fringe-rush. It had probably originated in coastal tropical Asia but has since spread to most continents as an introduced species It is a widespread weed in some areas and is sometimes problematic in rice paddies. Local Name: Manikorai (Tamil), Lavhala (Marathi), Hui / Dili (Hindi), Guria ghas (Bengali)
  • Scirpus juncoides

    Scirpus juncoides

    Description: Scirpus juncoides has a nearly cosmopolitan distribution, found on every continent except Africa and Antarctica. Many species are common in wetlands & can produce dense stands of vegetation, along rivers, in coastal deltas and in ponds & potholes. Although flooding is the most important factor affecting its distribution, drought, ice scour, grazing, fire and salinity also affect its abundance. It can survive unfavorable conditions like prolonged flooding, or drought as buried seeds Local Name: Guntatunga gaddi (Telugu), Kuccimulikam (Tamil), Keshura (Bengali) Motha / Lavhala (Marathi), Pyazi (Hindi), Pyaji (Punjabi)
  • Scirpus roylei

    Scirpus roylei

    Description: Scirpus roylei is slender sedge with clustered besom-like stems to about 30 cm long, of shallow water and swampy grassland from Mauritania to N Nigeria and in Chad, Congo, Angola, E and SW Africa and India. In Kenya it is recorded as a weed of rice-padis and irrigated lands. Local Name: Guntatunga gaddi (Telugu), Kuccimulikam (Tamil), Kesur (Bengali) Motha / Lavhala (Marathi), Pyazi (Hindi), Pyaji (Punjabi)