Weed-identification Fusiflex Soybeen & Groundnut english – Weed Management
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Identify weeds in your crop!

  • Aeluropus villosus

    Aeluropus villosus

    Description: Aeluropus villosus is a species of Eurasian and African plant in the grass family, found primarily in salty soils and waste places. It is found in northern Africa, the eastern Mediterranean region, the Middle East, the Arabian Peninsula and eastwards in Asia as far as Pakistan and India. Local Name: Khariyu (Gujarati), Dola gavat (Marathi), Katal arukampul (Tamil), Puvvu gaddi (Telugu), Nona durba (Bengali)
  • Brachiaria reptans

    Brachiaria reptans

    Description: Brachiaria reptans is a small annual herb native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia, Southern Europe, America, India and various islands. It is perennial or annual grass, usually much-branched, decumbent to creeping at the top and rooting at the nodes. This weed is originated in Africa and has reached tropics of middle East, Indian and South East Asian subcontinents, China, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and Pacific Islands. Local Name: Pore hullu (Kannada), Nandukaal pul (Tamil), Nadin (Punjabi), Waghnakhi (Marathi), Kaliyu (Gujarati), Kreb ghas / Para ghas (Hindi), Para ghas (Bengali), Eduruakula gaddi (Telugu)
  • Chloris barbata

    Chloris barbata

    Description: Chloris barbata is a tufted, erect, annual or short-lived perennial grass. It is 0.3-1.0 m or more tall, largely glabrous, with a short life span, heading and flowering all year round. The erect and branching stems, which are sometimes bent at the base, are smooth and usually flattened. They are purple or pink at the base, simple or branched, 3-5-noded, rooting at the lower nodes. Local Name: Sevaragu (Kannada), Chevvarakupul (Tamil), Uppu gaddi / Jadakunchula gaddi (Telugu), Gondvel (Marathi), Moonch daari / Airport grass (Hindi)
  • Dactyloctenium aegyptium

    Dactyloctenium aegyptium

    Description: Dactyloctenium aegyptium is a member of the family Poaceae native in Africa but naturalized world-wide. The plant mostly grows in heavy soils at damp sites. It is a slender to moderately robust, spreading annual herb, with wiry stems that bend and root at the lower nodes. Local Name: Konana tale hullu (Kannada), Nakshathra gaddi / Ganuka gaddi (Telugu), Kakakal pul (Tamil), Harkeen (Marathi), Makda (Punjabi), Makda / Sawai (Hindi), Chokadiyu (Gujarati), Makor jail (Bengali)
  • Digitaria sanguinalis

    Digitaria sanguinalis

    Description: Digitaria sanguinalis is one of the better-known species of the genus Digitaria and that is known nearly worldwide as a common weed. It is used as animal fodder and the seeds are edible and have been used as a grain in Germany and especially Poland, where it is sometimes cultivated. This has earned it the name Polish millet. Local Name: Hombale hullu (Kannada), Arisi pul (Tamil), Tokari (Bengali) Waghnakhi (Marathi), Bursh ghass / Chinyari (Hindi), Nadin (Punjabi), Aarotaro (Gujarati), Chippara gaddi (Telugu)
  • Dinebra arabica

    Dinebra arabica

    Description: Dinebra arabica is a loosely-tufted annual grass with culms to one meter high on wet and humid or dry locations in Senegal and Nigeria and extending across tropical Africa and eastwards through Egypt and Iraq to India. The grass is a common weed of cultivated land in all territories. Local Name: Nari baalada hullu (Kannada), Konka nakka / Gunta nakka gaddi (Telugu), Inji pul (Tamil), Lonya (Marathi), Kharayu (Hindi), Nadin (Punjabi), Kharayu (Gujarati), Jal gethe (Bengali)
  • Echinochloa colona

    Echinochloa colona

    Description: Echinochloa colona  is an annual grass. It is recognized as the world's most dangerous grass weed in many summer crops and vegetable in more than 60 countries . In the West Indies, it was first published in 1814 in Cuba. It is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. Local Name: Kaadu haraka (Kannada), Othagaddi / Donga vari (Telugu), Samo (Gujarati), Kuduraivali (Tamil), Pakhad (Marathi), Samak / Sawan (Hindi), Swanki (Punjabi), Pahari shama / Gete shama (Bengali)
  • Echinochloa crus galli

    Echinochloa crus galli

    Description: Echinochloa crus-galli originating from tropical Asia that was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass. It is among the most noxious weeds in the world due to its superior biology and tremendous ecological adaptations. It is widespread in different countries, infesting numerous cropping systems. Local Name: Simpagana hullu (Kannada), Pedda windu (Telugu), Gavat (Marathi), Nelmeratti (Tamil), Samak (Hindi), Samo (Gujarati), Swank (Punjabi), Sawa / Swank (Hindi), Deshi shama (Bengali),
  • Eleusine indica

    Eleusine indica

    Description: Eleusine indica the Indian goose grass, yard-grass, goose grass, wiregrass or crowfoot grass is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. It is an invasive species in some areas. Local Name: Hakki kaalina hullu (Kannada), Thippa ragi (Telugu, Tamil), Rannachani (Marathi), Chokhaliu (Gujarati), Kodo (Hindi), Binna chala / Chapra ghas (Bengali)
  • Eragrostis tenella

    Eragrostis tenella

    Description: Eragrostis tenella is a small densely tufted annual grass with variable size usually not much more than 50 cm high. A delicate tufted annual grass occurs at a ruderal of waste places, roadsides and on cultivated land common throughout the region from Senegal to west Cameroons and throughout tropical Africa and tropical Asia. Local Name: Chinna garika gaddi (Telugu), Chiman chara (Marathi), Kabuthar dana, Chidiya dana (Hindi), Bhumshi (Gujarati), Sada fulka (Bengali) , Kabuthar dana (Punjabi)
  • Rottboellia cochinchinensis

    Rottboellia cochinchinensis

    Description: Rottboellia cochinchinensis is a non-native, warm-season, annual grass that was introduced at Miami, Florida in the 1920’s. It is a federal noxious weed. It is a profusely tillering grass that can be very competitive in row crops, pastures and along roadsides. This grass is present in more than 30 warm-climate countries of America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It thrives in moist permeable heavy-textured soils. Local Name: Mullu sajje (Kannada), Konda poonuku (Telugu), Sunaipul (Tamil), Baru (Hindi), Fog ghas (Bengali)
  • Acalypha indica

    Acalypha indica

    Description: Acalypha indica is an herbaceous annual that has catkin-like inflorescences with cup-shaped involucres surrounding the minute flowers. It is mainly known for its root being attractive to domestic cats and for its various medicinal uses. It occurs throughout the tropics. Local Name: Kuppi gida (Kannada), Kupichettu / Muripindi aaku (Telugu), Kuppaimeni (Tamil) / Kuppi (Marathi), Phulkia (Gujarati), Phulkia (Hindi), Mukta jhuri / Swat basanta (Bengali)
  • Acalypha ciliata

    Acalypha ciliata

    Description: Acalypha ciliata is an erect, scarcely-branched, annual herb growing up to about 85 cm tall. The leaves are sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. Use of this species for food seems to be diminishing, it being eaten mainly by old people or in times of shortage. Local Name: Kuppi gida (Kannada), Kupichettu (Telugu), Kuppaimeni (Tamil), Kuppi (Marathi), Phulkiya (Hindi), Phulkia (Gujarati), Mukta jhuri / Swat basanta (Bengali)
  • Alternanthera sessilis

    Alternanthera sessilis

    Description: Alternanthera sessilis known by several common names, sessile joy-weed and dwarf copperleaf. It is used as a vegetable specially in Sri Lanka and some Asian countries. The plant occurs throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the old world. It has been introduced to the southern United States and its origin in Central and South America are uncertain. Local Name: Honna gonne soppu (Kannada), Ponnaganti aku (Telugu), Mul ponnangani (Tamil), Reshimkata (Marathi), Gudai sag (Hindi), Pani wali butti (Punjabi), Phuluyu (Gujarati), Maloncha saak (Bengali)
  • Celosia argentea

    Celosia argentea

    Description: Celosia argentea is an erect glabrous annual with linear or lanceolate leaves. Flower generally white or pink in spike. As these plants are of tropical origin, they grow best in full sunlight and should be placed in a well-drained area. The flowerheads can last up to 8 weeks and further growth can be promoted by removing dead flowers. Local Name: Kukka (Kannada), Kodiguttuaku / Gunugu (Telugu), Safed murg (Hindi), Pannai keerai (Tamil), Kurudu / Kombda (Marathi), Lambadu (Gujarati), Morog jhuti (Bengali)
  • Cleome gynandra

    Cleome gynandra

    Description: Cleome gynandra is a species of Cleome that is used as a green vegetable. It is an annual wildflower native to Africa but has become widespread in many tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. It is an erect, branching plant. Its sparse leaves are each made up of 3–5 oval-shaped leaflets. The flowers are white. Local Name: Tiloni (Kannada), Vominta / Thella vamita / Velakura (Telugu), Naivelai (Tamil), Pandhari tilvan (Marathi), Hur hur (Hindi), Tilvani / Tilmani (Gujarati), Swet hudhude (Bengali)
  • Cleome hassleriana

    Cleome hassleriana

    Description: Cleome hassleriana is a species of flowering plant native to southern South America in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and southeast Brazil. It has also been introduced to South Asia, including the area of Bangladesh. It is commonly cultivated in temperate regions as a half-hardy annual. The flowers are pink in colour. Local Name: Tiloni (Kannada), Vominta / Thella vamita / Velakura (Telugu), Naivelai (Tamil), Gulabi tilvan (Marathi), Hur hur (Hindi), Tilvani / Tilmani (Gujarati), Hudhude (Bengali)
  • Cleome viscosa

    Cleome viscosa

    Description: Cleome viscosa commonly found in the rainy season. The crushed leaves have been investigated as a treatment for stored seeds of cowpea to prevent weevil infestation. The leaves are used as external application to wounds and ulcers. The seed are anthelmintic and carminative. The flowers are yellow in colour. Local Name: Nayi baala (Kannada), Kukkavominta / Kukha-avalu (Telugu), Naikadugu (Tamil), Piwala tilwan (Marathi), Hur hur (Hindi), Tilvani / Tilmani (Gujarati), Bon sorse (Bengali)
  • Commelina benghalensis

    Commelina benghalensis

    Description: Commelina benghalensis is a perennial herb native to tropical Asia and Africa. It has been widely introduced to areas outside its native range including to the neotropics, Hawaii, the West Indies and to both coasts of North America. It has a long flowering period from spring to fall in subtropical areas and throughout the year closer to the equator. It is often associated with disturbed soils. Local Name: Jigali / Hittagani (Kannada), Vennadevikura / Yannadri (Telugu), Kanua (Punjabi), Kanangkozai (Tamil), Kena (Marathi), Bokanda (Gujarati), Bokhana / Kankaua (Hindi), Kello ghash (Bengali)
  • Commelina communis

    Commelina communis

    Description: Commelina communis is an herbaceous annual plant in the dayflower family. It gets its name because the blooms last for only one day. It is native throughout much of East Asia and northern parts of Southeast Asia. In China, the plant is known as yazhicao. Local Name: Jigali / Hittagani (Kannada), Kena (Marathi), Kanua (Punjabi), Bokhani / Kankaua (Hindi), Bokandi (Gujarati), Kansira (Bengali)
  • Commelina diffusa

    Commelina diffusa

    Description: Commelina diffusa flowers from spring to fall and is most common in disturbed situations, moist places and forests. In China the plant is used medicinally as a febrifuge and a diuretic. A blue dye is also extracted from the flower for paints. At least one publication lists it as an edible plant in New Guinea. Local Name: Hittagani (Kannada), Kena (Marathi), Bokanda (Gujarati) Bokhani / Kankaua (Hindi), Kanua (Punjabi), Dholsira / Manaina / Kanainala (Bengali)
  • Cyanotis axillaris

    Cyanotis axillaris

    Description: Cyanotis axillaris is a species of perennial plants in the family Commelinaceae. It is native to Indian subcontinent, southern China, Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. It grows in monsoon forest, woodland and wooded grassland. It uses as medical plant in India and it uses as food for pigs. Local Name: Igali (Kannada), Neerpul (Tamil), Vinchka (Marathi), Diwaliya (Hindi), Nariyeli bhaji (Gujarati), Jhoradan / Uridan (Bengali)
  • Conyza spp

    Conyza spp

    Description: Conyza spp is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family. They are native to tropical and warm temperate regions throughout the world & also north into cool temperate regions in North America and eastern Asia. The New World species of the genus are closely related to Erigeron. Local Name: Bat dawana (Marathi), Bettada davana (Kannada)
  • Digera arvensis

    Digera arvensis

    Description: Digera arvensis is simple or with ascending branches from near the base, stem and branches glabrous or very sparingly pilose, with pale ridges. Leaf-blade narrowly linear to broadly ovate or rarely sub rotund. Flowers glabrous, white tinged with pink to carmine or red, usually becoming greenish-white in fruit. Local Name: Gorachi palya (Kannada), Chenchalkoora (Telugu), Thoyyakeerai (Tamil), Kunjaru (Marathi), Lahasua / Kunjaru (Hindi), Kanjaro (Gujarati), Lata mahawria / Lata mahuri (Bengali), Lahasua (Punjabi)
  • Euphorbia geniculata

    Euphorbia geniculata

    Description: Euphorbia geniculata is native to tropical and subtropical America but is now widespread throughout the tropics. Many herbicides fail to control it and hence it has spread rapidly in many parts of the world. This plant has been introduced to South and Southeast Asia as an ornamental plant having become a weed in India and Thailand where it has invaded cotton fields and other agricultural terrain. Local Name: Haal gouri soppu, (Kannada), Naanabaala (Telugu), Baro korni (Bengali), Caturak kalli (Tamil), Mothi dudhi (Marathi), Dudheli (Punjabi), Badi dudheli (Hindi), Moti dudheli (Gujarati),
  • Euphorbia hirta

    Euphorbia hirta

    Description: Euphorbia hirta is a pantropical weed possibly native to India. It is a hairy herb that grows in open grasslands, roadsides and pathways. It is used in traditional herbal medicine. It is distributed throughout the hotter part of India often found in waste places along the roadsides. Local Name: Haal goudi bidi soppu / Achchedida (Kannada), Choti dudhi (Marathi), Chinnamman pacharasi (Tamil), Choti dudheli (Hindi), Nanabalu (Telugu), Dudheli (Punjabi), Dudheli (Gujarati), Baro Korni (Bengali)
  • Euphorbia hypericifolia

    Euphorbia hypericifolia

    Description: Euphorbia hypericifolia originates from tropical and subtropical America and has spread to tropical Africa and India. Its distribution in tropical Africa is not clear as it is confused with Euphorbia indica Lam. It occurs with certainty in West Africa, Burundi and on Mauritius. Local Name: Haal goudi soppu (Kannada), Dudhi (Marathi), Dudheli (Gujarati), Chinnamman pacharasi (Tamil), Choti dudheli (Hindi), Dudheli (Punjabi), Manasasi (Bengali)
  • Indigofera glandulosa

    Indigofera glandulosa

    Description: Indigofera glandulosa is one of the largest genera in Fabaceae including about 700 species thought wide spreading the tropical and subtropical regions of the world but absent from the Mediterranean region. Local Name: Baragadam / Barapatalu (Tamil, Telugu), Borpudi / Bargadan (Marathi)
  • Parthenium hysterophorus

    Parthenium hysterophorus

    Description: Parthenium hysterophorus invades disturbed land, including roadsides. It infests pastures and farmland, causing often disastrous loss of yield, as reflected in common names such as famine weed. As an invader it first appeared as a contaminant in imported wheat. The plant produces allelopathic chemicals that suppress crop and pasture plants and allergens that affect humans and livestock. Local Name: Kangress (Kannada), Vayyaribhama (Telugu), Vishapoondu (Tamil) Gajar gawat (Marathi), Gajor ghas (Bengali), Gajar ghas (Hindi), Kangress ghas (Punjabi), Congress ghas (Gujarati)
  • Phyllanthus niruri

    Phyllanthus niruri

    Description: Phyllanthus niruri is a widespread tropical plant commonly found in coastal areas, known by the common names gale of the wind, stonebreaker or seed-under-leaf. It is a relative of the spurges, belonging to the genus Phyllanthus of the family Phyllanthaceae. Local Name: Nelli gida (Kannada), Nelausiri (Telugu), Keelanelli (Tamil), Bhuiavali (Marathi), Hajardana (Hindi, Punjabi), Bhoy amali (Gujarati), Vui amla (Bengali)
  • Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

    Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

    Description: Phyllanthus maderaspatensis is an erect to spreading, unbranched to much-branched, annual to perennial plant with stems that can become more or less woody and persist for more than a year. The plants are harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. They are traded locally in market-place and are also sold for the commercial production of pharmaceutical products. Local Name: Aadu nelli hullu (Kannada), Nelausiri (Telugu), Melanelli (Tamil), Bhuiavali (Marathi), Bhoy amali (Gujarati), Hazar Moni (Bengali), Bada hazardana / Hazarmani (Hindi), Dane wali butti (Punjabi)
  • Portulaca oleracea

    Portulaca oleracea

    Description: Portulaca oleracea is purslane has smooth, reddish, mostly prostrate stems and the leaves, which may be alternate or opposite, are clustered at stem joints and ends. The flowers open singly at the center of the leaf cluster for only a few hours on sunny mornings. It was first identified in the United States in 1672 in Massachusetts. Local Name: Sanna goli soppu (Kannada), Pappu kura / Pichhi mirapa (Telugu), Paruppu keerai (Tamil), Ghol (Marathi), Choti sant (Hindi), Santhi (Punjabi), Luni (Gujarati), Nunia saak (Bengali)
  • Trianthema monogyna

    Trianthema monogyna

    Description: Members of the genus are annuals or perennials generally characterized by fleshy, opposite, unequal, smooth-margined leaves, a prostrate growth form flowers with five perianth segments subtended by a pair of bracts and a fruit with a winged lid. They are known commonly as horse purslanes. Local Name: Doddagol palya (Kannada), Shavalai / Saranai (Tamil), Khapra / Vishkhapra (Marathi), Satodo (Gujarati), Gadabani(Bengali), Biskhapda / Pattherchata (Hindi, Punjabi)
  • Trianthema portulacastrum

    Trianthema portulacastrum

    Description: Trianthema portulacastrum is a species of flowering plant in the ice plant family known by the common names desert horse purslane, black pigweed and giant pigweed. It is native to areas of several continents, including Africa and North and South America and present as an introduced species in many other areas. Local Name: Dodda goli soppu (Kannada), Saranai (Tamil), Satodo (Gujarati),Neerubailaku / Ambatimaadu (Telugu), Pandhari ghetuli (Marathi), Punarnaba saak / Shwet punarnava (Bengali),Biskhapda / Pattherchata (Hindi, Punjabi)
  • Tridax procumbens

    Tridax procumbens

    Description: Tridax procumbens is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family. It is best known as a widespread weed and pest plant. It is native to the tropical America, but it has been introduced to tropical, subtropical and mild temperate regions worldwide. It is listed as a noxious weed in the United States and has pest status in nine states. Local Name: Bishalya karani / Tridhara (Bengali), Kanfuli / Barahmasi (Hindi) Vettukaya poondu (Tamil), Ekdandi (Marathi, Gujarati),Vatvati (Kannada)
  • Cyperus rotundus

    Cyperus rotundus

    Description: Cyperus rotundus is a perennial plant that may reach a height of up to 140 cm. The names "nut grass" and "nut sedge" shared with the related species Cyperus esculentus are derived from its tubers that somewhat resemble nuts although botanically  they have nothing to do with nuts. Local Name: Jeku (Kannada), Bhadra-tunga-muste / Bhadramuste / Gandala (Telugu), Korai kizhangu (Tamil), Motha / Dilla (Hindi), Nagarmotha / Lavhala (Marathi), Ganth wala murk (Punjabi), Chidho (Gujarati), Vhadla ghas / Chata bethi mutha (Bengali)